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歪果仁支招:死记硬背已out啦!

来源:新东方英语培训 时间:2015/11/20 14:08:34 作者:新东方英语口语

假如你还在为“今日我要背多少个单词”而兴奋不已时,较佳马!上!停!止!把所有注意力集中在背单词上,在全部英语学习中仅仅一个十分时刻短的进程,跟着词汇量不断堆集,咱们需求做的是边阅览边学词,即经过短语或者是语句学习单词。

假如你背了许多的单词,却发现自己的口语进入了瓶颈期,或者你并不断定自个是不是进入了瓶颈期,跟新东方口语班一起来简略三步测验病症。


表现① 单纯地背诵单词而不是学习单词


背诵单词更像是批量式使命式的学习,为了考试去自始至终的去背、而不是从学习视点去记的,所以很快就会忘了。


表现② 脱离上下文的词汇


咱们在背单词的时分根本上就只会看到它的拼写,词义,发音,词性。可是这些词汇是死的,有种学无所用的挫折感,因素在于这个单词前不着村后不着店,咱们底子不知道这个词怎样用,致使咱们只能现场拼奏出来。背单词处于孤立的一种状况。


表现③ 盲目地扩大词汇量不等于的词汇学习


有多少人在背诵单词的时分会给词汇分类:1. 俚语词汇; 2. 正式词汇;3. 口语词汇。


俚语词汇是地道外国人有用的词汇,假如你的水平不错了,能够测验一下,进一步进步自个。


正式词汇会在比较正式的场合,比方新闻,论文,期刊傍边呈现,例如use 即是一个口语词汇,但在中咱们就得用utilize.


口语词汇,许多人会用一些看起来很巨大上的词语,殊不知,较终会是一种这么的状况,口语听起来像写作,写作看起来像白话。


举一个栗子:Form my perspective view, technology is a very important element in the development of our society.


我以为科技在咱们全部社会发展中是一个很主要的元素。


这个不叫口语,这些看起来巨大上的词汇反而会让人觉得很古怪。这句话用口语表达应当是这么:Technology drives the society forward.


假如你呈现了上述表现,那么祝贺你,你肯定是不小心走入了迷宫,在这里给你一贴,让你对症下药,看看你是跌倒在哪儿,爬不起来了?


1.Don't study grammar too much


不要过多学习语法


This rule might sound strange to many ESL students, but it is one of the most important rules. If you want to pass examinations, then study grammar. However, if you want to become fluent in English, then you should try to learn English without studying the grammar.


关于许多ESL(英语作为第二言语)学生,这条规矩听起来很古怪,但它是较主要的规矩之一。假如你想要经过考试,那就学习语法。可是,假如你想要把英语说的更流利,那么你应当测验学习英语这门言语而不学习语法。


Studying grammar will only slow you down and confuse you. You will think about the rules when creating sentences instead of naturally saying a sentence like a native. Remember that only a small fraction of English speakers know more than 20% of all the grammar rules. Many ESL students know more grammar than native speakers.


学习语法会让你慢下来,把你弄模糊。在构建语句的时分,你会去考虑规矩,而不是像本国人相同自可是然的说出一个语句。要知道,只需很小一有些的英语运用者知道超越20%的英语语法规矩。许多ESL学生知道的语法本来要比本国人更多。


2.Learn and study phrases


学习和研讨短语


Many students learn vocabulary and try to put many words together to create a proper sentence. It amazes me how many words some of my students know, but they cannot create a proper sentence.


许多学生学习词汇,并测验把许多单词在一同以构建一个恰当的语句。学生们的单词量让作为新东方口语班小编的我感到很意外,可是要构建一个准确的语句对他们来说却很难。


If you know 1000 words, you might not be able to say one correct sentence. But if you know 1 phrase, you can make hundreds of correct sentences. When you know only 1000 phrases, you will be almost a fluent English speaker.


假如你知道1000个单词,你也许纷歧定能够说一个准确的语句。但假如你知道1个短语,你能够说数百个准确的语句。当你知道只需1000个短语,你就能说流利的英语了。


3. Don't translate


不要翻译


When you want to create an English sentence, do not translate the words from your Mother tongue. The order of words is probably completely different and you will be both slow and incorrect by doing this.


当你想构建一个英语语句的时分,不要测验着从母语翻译语句。两种言语的词序有也许不一样,假如测验翻译,就很有也许犯错。


Problem


Isn't it strange that schools across the world teach reading first, then writing, then listening, and finally speaking? Although it is different, the main reason is because when you learn a second language, you need to read material to understand and learn it. So even though the natural order is listening, speaking, reading, then writing, the order for ESL students is reading, listening, speaking, then writing. Speak out loud the material you are listening to and practice what you hear. Practice speaking out loud until your mouth and brain can do it without any effort. By doing so, you will be able to speak English fluently.


全世界的校园的教育次序都是这么的:阅览,写作,然后再是听力,较终是写作。这真的让人感觉到古怪。虽然有特例,可是这其间较主要的因素仍是由于当学第二外语的时分,你需求首先阅览一些资料,然后在去了解和学习它。所以即使自然的次序是听、说、读,然后写作,可是ESL 学生的次序是阅览、听力、然后写。把听到的资料大声说出来,再操练。操练的时分要大声,直到你的大脑和嘴巴能对英语信手拈来。经过这么做,你将能够流利地说英语。


4. Submerge yourself


让自个彻底浸入


Being able to speak a language is not related to how smart you are. You don't have to go anywhere to become a fluent English speaker. You only need to surround yourself with English. You can do this by making rules with your existing friends that you will only speak English. You can also carry around an iPod and constantly listen to English sentences. As you can see, you can achieve results by changing what your surroundings are. Submerge yourself in English and you will learn several times faster.


能否讲一种言语,和你是不是聪明无关。要想能够流利说英语,你并不是非得去某个地方。只需你能够背英语环绕就行。要到达这种作用,你能够和你如今的兄弟约定只说英语。你能够还随身携带一台iPod,不断地听英语语句。正如你所看到的,您能够经过改动你周围的环境实现预想的作用。让自个沉浸在英语傍边,你将会学得快几倍。


5. Study correct material


运用准确的学习资料


A common phrase that is incorrect is, "Practice makes perfect." This is far from the truth. Practice only makes what you are practicing permanent. If you practice the incorrect sentence, you will have perfected saying the sentence incorrectly. Therefore, it is important that you study material that is commonly used by most people.


有句话也许有失偏颇:“游刃有余”。操练只能让你停留在操练。假如你操练一个不准确的语句,那么你还会一向不准确下去。因此,你有必要挑选大多数人选用的资料。


Studying English with a friend who is not a native English speaker is both good and bad. You should be aware of the pros and cons of speaking with a non-native speaking friend. Practicing with a non-native person will give you practice. You can also motivate each other and point out basic mistakes. But you might pick up bad habits from one another if you are not sure about what are correct and incorrect sentences. So use these practice times as a time period to practice the correct material you studied.


和一个非英语母语的兄弟一同学习英语有利也有弊。你应当意识到这种利害。和非英语母语的人操练能够是一次操练的时机。你也能够互相激励,指出根本的错 误。可是假如你不知道一个语句准确与否,你就有也许从别的一个兄弟那里带走一些坏习惯。能够把这有些的时刻利用起往来不断操练准确的资料,以上便是新东方口语班小编总结的全部内容了,更多内容敬请期待!